Treatments for Toe Deformities: Hammertoe, Claw, Mallet Toe

When toes take the shape of an inverted V or Z, or a hook, it is a deformity of the toe. This refers to three types of deformation: hammer toes, claw or mallet toe. This pathology affects both sexes but more women than men.

The hammertoe is a curved toe in a Z-shaped position. The joint above the toes becomes excessively protruding so that it will rub against the inner wall of the shoe, causing pain when walking. . This type of deformation is the most problematic.

The claw toe is a common condition that affects many women in their 50s. This is a deformity that can affect the second, third, fourth or fifth toes. The toe retracts on itself and comes into conflict with the shoe. A painful lump or sore then forms on the back of the toe.

The mallet toe is a rather rare condition that usually affects the second toe, although the other toes can be affected. The affected toe bends downward at the outermost joint creating moderate pain. The nail changes shape and a small horn may develop.

Treatments available

The podiatrist can help you relieve the pain caused by these different types of toe deformity. It is important to make an appointment with a good podiatrist who can customize the treatment according to your situation. Here are some possible treatments that the podiatrist can offer you:

  • removable and tailor-made orthoplasties to relieve pain by keeping the toes in a favorable position, eliminate friction from the shoe and reduce deformation.
  • plantar orthotics that allow the good muscular balance that your goods need.
  • splints: the pediatrician can advise you on the right splints for your toes.
  • cortisone injections to relieve joint symptoms. However, this treatment is only used if your condition requires it.
  • surgery for the most severe cases.