Diabetic Foot Care
The term “foot ulcer” describes an open wound located below the ankle anywhere on the foot. People with diabetes are at risk of developing it. In this case, it is important to consult a healthcare professional before it is too late. Indeed, an untreated foot ulcer can create many long-term complications sometimes requiring amputation of the foot, one of the unfortunate consequences of diabetes.
Treatments for diabetic foot ulcer depend on its location, nature and severity. The podiatrist may recommend a biopsy, an ultrasound of the foot, a digital x-ray of the foot or a magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) beforehand. The podiatrist then prescribes the treatment adapted to the situation:
- topical or systemic antibacterial treatment in case of infection;
- custom-made plantar orthotics;
- a topical antimicrobial dressing;
- tricyclic antidepressants for neuropathic pain;
- tissue debridement (surgery with scalpel, hydrogels, alginates and enzymes, bio-surgery).
When the foot ulcer is at a very advanced stage, amputation of the affected toes or in extreme cases of the foot is recommended. This procedure is performed by a specialist doctor.